Astronomical Research
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Naming Citation:   JAMESEARLY = (81822) = 2000 KN38
Early Minor White and Myke Collins discovered this asteroid on May 26, 2000, just a few degrees from Pluto at the time.  We had to devise new image processing techniques in order to make critical recoveries of this dim, elusive object.  Then almost 2 years later, in spring 2002, we recovered it in 8/3/2000 NEAT images extending its arc to 60 days.  It was only 4 arcseconds from its expected position.

James M. Early was born (July 25, 1922) in Syracuse, New York, second of the nine children.  During his eighteen years at Bell, he created much of the design theory of bipolar transistors, discovered the effects of space-charge layer widening ("Early effect"), created the oscillator transistor for the first U.S. satellite, led development of solar cells and transistors for Telstar I ending his Bell Labs service as Director of the Electron Device Laboratory.

He joined Fairchild in September 1969 as leader of their research and development work.  Under his direction Fairchild Research Center created the isoplanar bipolar process, created the buried channel CCD imagers which have revolutionized low light level electronic imaging.  His leadership brought Fairchild the first ion implanter in a merchant semiconductor manufacturing company (1970).  He holds fourteen patents.

The official citation reads:
  "James M. Early was born July 25, 1922 in Syracuse, N.Y., USA and died January 2004.  Jim was a principal in the development of transistors for Telstar 1 communication satellite.  He discovered the space-charge layer widening in semiconductors now called the "Early Effect."  Jim was inducted into the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame and a Fellow of IEEE."  

The name James M. Early was proposed by Dr. Robert Harrison who was a friend and co-worker of Jim on the Manhattan Project.